How Nigerian oil production, storage vessel exploded in Bayelsa


No fewer than 10 crew members are feared dead as an oil production and storage vessel exploded off the coast of Nigeria early on Wednesday.

It also not yet clear how much crude might have spilled into the sea as a result of the explosion.

Besides, Nigeria’s Shebah Exploration & Production Company Limited (SEPCOL) said on Thursday that flames had engulfed the Trinity Spirit floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel following the blast a day earlier.

“At this time there are no reported fatalities but we can confirm that there were 10 crewmen on board the vessel prior to the incident and we are prioritising investigations with respect to their safety and security,” SEPCOL Chief Executive, Ikemefuna Okafor, stated.

The Trinity Spirit can process up to 22,000 barrels of oil a day and store up to 2 million barrels, SEPCOL’s website said.

One industry source active in Nigeria’s oil sector said that the vessel had about 50,000 barrels in storage but was not pumping crude from the Ukpokiti oilfield in the OML 108 block when it exploded.

The Nigerian regulator now known as the Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) revoked its production licence for OML 108 in 2019. SEPCOL is the technical operator of the block though the production licence was held by consortium member Express Petroleum.

SEPCOL, which is currently in receivership, did not respond to requests for comment about how much crude Trinity Spirit was storing at the time of the blast.

BP’s Deepwater Horizon oil rig was pumping tens of thousands of barrels a day when it exploded in 2010. By the time the well was plugged 87 days later, four million barrels of crude had flowed into the Gulf of Mexico causing an environmental disaster.

“We got information of the fire incident yesterday and we immediately ordered our field officers to commence investigation. Investigations are still ongoing,” Gbenga Komolafe, NUPRC’s chief executive, told Reuters.

“It is only after when we have received the report of this investigation from our team that we will issue a comprehensive statement devoid of speculation,” he said.

SEPCOL’s Okafor said that investigations were underway to establish the cause of the explosion while attempts to contain the situation were being made with help from local communities and U.S. oil firm, Chevron, which has a facility nearby.

The Trinity Spirit is the primary production facility for OML 108 which covers 750 square km (290 square miles) of water off the Niger Delta, ranging from a depth of 30 metres to 213 metres, SEPCOL’s website said.


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