Monitisation of politics and democracy in Nigeria 

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 President Muhammadu Buhari

Monitisation of politics and democracy in Nigeria 

By Mack Ogbamosa 

No doubt,  we  cannot play politics without money. But a situation where money is placed above every other factor, is not democracy. It is a move towards plutocracy, where government is in the hands of the richest class of people in the society.

This is not the beginning of this trend of politics. We have been on this route of monetisation of politics for a long time especially since the return of democracy in  the Second Republic in 1979.  Instead of politics of ideas, we have been playing politics of money. This, among other characteristics, has bedevilled our polity and has led us to where we are today:corruption, violence, poverty,  insecurity,  political instability and under-development.

It is therefore not surprising to this writer to hear the kind of figures being mentioned by our two major political parties for aspirants to political offices to obtain nomination forms for the forthcoming elections in 2023 for presidential,  governorship and other elective positions.

For the All Progressive Congress (APC), the nomination form for the post of president goes for one hundred million naira( N100, 000,000), while the governorship form is fifty million naira( N50, 000, 000).

The People’s Democratic Party (PDP) fixed its presidential nomination form at Forty  Million Naira (N40,000,000) while the governorship goes for Twenty One Million Naira(21,000,000).

IMPLICATIONS OF MONETISATION OF POLITICS 

No enjoyment of democracy ingredients

This idea of monetisation of politics in the country has negatively affected our polity. The result is that the nation has not enjoyed the main ingredients of democracy which include free and fair elections, freedom of association, right to active participation by citizens by not only voting  but having access to contest for the highest offices  in the country, protection of human rights and respect for rule of law.

Positions are for money-bags, not the competent ones.

It has resulted in a situation where only the rich or money-bags can contest for political offices. Those who have ideas and are capable of delivering the results but do not have money will not be qualified as they cannot afford to buy forms.  In the present circumstances, how many Nigerians  with legitimate means of livelihood can afford to purchase these nomination forms?

If those who are capable but have no means are excluded,  what will happen is that the forms will be available to those who are not

likely to have  acquired their resources through legitimate means. Those who claim to be sponsored will have to pay back their sponsors . To do that, they will be tempted to steal the resources of the state if elected.

Politics as a commercial Venture  

This is why Politics in the country is regarded as a commercial venture where the investors recoup their investments.  It is a game of winner takes all. To satisfy this end, all manner of tactics including, bribery and thuggery are employed. It is a dirty game where the  end justifies the means.

Privatisation of the state

It is a game where political actors are made to believe that resources meant for the people belong to them, their families and  their allies which they can appropriate the way they like.

Lack of accountability  

Politics here is a game where the actors do not have to account for their stewardship.  Why would they when they believe they bought rather than won their seats? 

Entrenched Corruption

It has  entrenched and deepened  the level of corruption in the country. According to Transparency International report of 2021, Nigeria ranked 154th out of 180  countries listed in corruption index . Denmark was the least corrupt while South Sudan was the worst.

No loyalty to the people but to sponsors  

Besides  these vices,  monetisation of politics does not allow political actors to be loyal to the people or the Constitution , which they swore to uphold during their tenure.

Their loyalty is to themselves and their sponsors,who are  sometimes called God fathers. Afterall, the people did not assist them to raise money for nomination forms,  bribe delegates, do campaigns, hire  thugs and arrange thanks-giving after having “won” the elections.

Raising  Poverty level  of the  people

This trend of politics has over the years increased the level of poverty in the country.  Unlike in the seventies when Nigeria was one of the  richest countries in the world, today, we are one of the poorest. According to the National Bureau of Statistics,  83 million Nigerians were living in poverty by 2020. This figure was expected to have risen to 90 million by last Year.While the exchange rate of the Naira to the United States dollar was 70k to a dollar in the seventies ,it is now N560 to one dollar. While the average salary of a university graduate could fetch him a car and accommodation in a two-bedroom apartment a city like Lagos in the seventies, today’s salary of an average graduate  cannot fetch him a one- bedroom flat accommodation in Lagos, not to talk of owning a car. Like the situation in the seventies,  crude oil export still remains our major source of foreign exchange earnings. There is no serious effort at diversification of the economy.

Promoting Unemployment

Continuing with this trend means our unemployment rate will continue to rise. As at 2021, the nation’s unemployment rate, according to Augusto & Co, a rating agency was 35 per cent.  In a country where there is no respect for  statistics, this figure may not represent the actual situation.  Suffice it to say that while an average secondary school leaver could easily secure a job in the early seventies,  an average university graduate of today does not have opportunity of getting a job after his or National Youth Service Scheme (NYSC) programme. 

Escalating  insecurity and instability  

The high level of poverty and unemployment has  escalated the rate of insecurity in the country. While the major crime in the seventies was armed robbery, we are today surrounded by terrorists, bandits  and kidnappers. Kidnappers are everywhere. They are  in the northern and southern parts of country.  No where is safe. 

Lack of governance

Monetisation of politics is the reason for lack of governance in the country.  Instead of governance,we celebrate non- achievements like building of two – kilometre road, painting of a school building and paying the shool fee of a few disabled pupils in secondary school. Our political actors  use these to siphon resources meant  for the people.

Neglect of welfare of the people as enshrined in the Constitution.

Is it any wonder that  out of the 44 bills recently passed by the 9th National Assembly and transmitted to the state assemblies, only one delt with the socio- economic rights in Chapter 2 of the 1999 Constitution as amended. That provision  is   on free and compulsory basic education. The other aspect on education   like provision of free education up to university level was not even discussed.  Other socio-economic rights including provision of  full employment and  housing for the people  were not touched

Also, the issue of state and community policing which was canvassed by many as a way of helping  the country to reduce the level of insecurity was  ignored by the Assembly.

Lack of patriotism by leaders and the led

Our politicians do not believe in our country.They send their children abroad for education , they do their medical vacations abroad,  they patronise foreign goods at the expense of our local ones.

If they who are beneficiaries of the system are not patriotic , what do they expect from the deprived and impoverished Nigerian?

 Encouraging cross- carpeting by political actors

In civilised democracies like the United States and the United Kingdom,  politics is played essentially on the basis of ideological beliefs. It is therefore rare to hear of cross- carpeting by political actors. But because we are playing politics of money rather than politics of ideas, cross carpeting of politicians has become the order of the day.They are PDP members today, APC members tomorrow and vice versa.

No politician who believes in the ideology of his or her party will engage in the kind of party change as it is done in our country.

Discouraging the evolution and growth of political parties.

It is the same system of monetisation of politics that has discouraged the evolution and growth of political parties in the country.

Unlike the situation in the First Republic,  how many political parties can boost of any known ideological disposition in the country today?

Until the nation embraces politics of ideas instead of politics of money, we will not only worsen the state of  poverty,  insecurity, political instability and under-development in the country but also continue to neglect the primary purpose of government as enshrined in Section 14(b) of Chapter 2 of the 1999 Constitution which is the security and welfare of the people. This is antithetical to democracy.

 

 

  Ogbamosa, a legal practitioner/ Communications Consultant,  can be reached via mack_ogbamosa@yahoo.com

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