‘The Nigerian state’s inability to provide quality and accessible public education, healthcare, jobs, shelter, a living wage, and social security for most of its citizens is the greatest threat yet to the sustenance of Nigeria’s democracy’
By Valentine Amanze
Lagos-based human rights and environmental protection crusader, the Corporate Accountability and Public Participation Africa (CAPPA), has appealed to President Bola Ahmed Tinubu to ensure that his administration protects and defends citizens’ democratic rights.
The CAPPA Executive Director, Oluwafemi Akinbode, made the appeal in a statement issued by Zikora Ibeh, the Policy and Research Officer, as Nigeria commemorated the 30th anniversary of the annulment of the June 12, 1993 Presidential elections on Monday.
He said that the only way citizens’ aspirations and hope in true democracy encapsulated in the long-drawn struggle against the de-annulment of June 12 could be met was when Nigerians could choose their leaders in a free, fair, and transparent process devoid of violence, ethnic and religious hatred.
said that the only way the president could demonstrate his belief in democracy was when he selflessly delivers the dividends of democracy to all Nigerians regardless of social status or ethnic, religious and political affiliation.
His words: “June 12 stands as a symbol of Nigerians’ steadfast struggle against military despotism and for democratic governance.
“While it is important to recognize and honour the heroes of this remarkable struggle, as past regimes have done, we believe that far more important is the need for Nigeriansto fully enjoy their democratic rights in the selection of who governs them.
“They also must begin to feel the dividends of democracy for which they sweated, struggled and died during those long years of street battles and protests against the military rule.
“It has been over 24 years since democratic rule was restored in Nigeria, but it is arguable whether the form of governance that exists in Nigeria today can be described as a democracy or simply civilian rule.
“While there has been some marked progress in terms of a thriving multiparty democracy and regular elections, Nigeria’s record of human rights violations has not fundamentally improved.
“Instead, since 1999, Nigeria has experienced systematic attacks on democratic rights, attacks on the opposition, shrinking civic space, arbitrary arrests, illegal detentions, torture and extrajudicial killings by security agents, as well as suppression of the rights to freedom of expression and assembly, violation of the principles of separation of powers, assault on the judiciary and press freedom.
“More worrisome is the fact that every elected government since 1999, at the Federal or state level, has habitually disregarded Chapter 2 of the 1999 Constitution (As Amended), which clearly outlines the social contract between the state and the people with regards to the funding of public education, healthcare, living wages, and the provision of adequate jobs and shelter.”
He pointed out that according to the Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI) 2021 ‘Rights Tracker”, the first global report to assess the 13 different human rights contained in United Nations treaties for around 200 countries, Nigeria’s human rights record is “very poor and is worse than the average in sub-Saharan Africa” (Premium Times 24 June 2021).
Nigeria scored 54.6 per cent for right to food; 48.2 per cent for right to health; 31.7 per cent for right to housing and 32.0 per cent for right to work.
“The Nigerian state’s inability to provide quality and accessible public education, healthcare, jobs, shelter, a living wage, and social security for most of its citizens is the greatest threat yet to the sustenance of Nigeria’s democracy.
“The present administration should not just pay homage to the legacy of June 12 but work selflessly to ensure that democracy means more than just regular elections but a better life for all Nigerians.
“Withthe recent removal of fuel subsidy, the administration must work even more seriously to ensure that poor Nigerians are not adversely affected by rising prices of petrol and daily utilities. We urge the administration to ensure the judicious use of savings from subsidy removal to alleviate the sufferings that the policy has inadvertently caused ordinary people.” Akinbode stated.
He also urged the new administration to increase the minimum wage for all categories of workers and make substantial investments in socially beneficial infrastructural projects across the country to enhance the living standards of all Nigerians.